Mammals, birds, Herps, Fish and INSECTS

Wildlife of Toronto's High Park

Plant Galls

Have you seen strange lumpy growths on plant leaves, or swollen stems, or shapes that imitate real plant parts, such as fake “apples” on an oak tree? They might be galls caused by tiny creatures such as wasps,  flies, aphids…
Learn More

Gallery: Moths of High Park

Moths far outnumber their better known cousins within the insect order Lepidoptera – the butterflies – but are often overlooked or maligned. Moths can be remarkably diverse, beautifully patterned and fascinating to observe. Like other insects, they play many important…
Learn More

Butterflies of High Park

by Bob Yukich, updated September 2019 With its varied habitats and and ease of access, High Park is an excellent place to observe butterflies within the heart of the city. To date, 83 species have occurred here – nearly half…
Learn More

High Park supports a wide variety of wildlife including chipmunks and bats, ducks, hawks and herons, fish and frogs, and numerous insects including butterflies and bees. Although it is situated in the heart of Canada’s largest city, High Park's size, diverse habitats and proximity to Lake Ontario and the Humber Valley make it attractive to both resident breeding species and migrants. A few opportunistic species have taken advantage of habitat changes and disturbances caused by human activities and recreational demands. Other mostly native species are already responding positively to ongoing restoration efforts.

Blue Jay and Grey Squirrel. Photo: JM
Blue Jay and Grey Squirrel. Photo: JM

High Park's Wildlife by Numbers

267 species

of birds known to occur in High Park; well over 150 species are regularly seen and more than 50 species breed in the park

Black-capped Chickadee. Photo: Lu Liu

18 species

of mammals, including bats

image17-JM

9 species

of herps - amphibians and reptiles; turtles, snakes, frogs and toads, salamanders

Green Frog. Photo: Bob Yukich

12 species

of fish

Pumpkinseed. Photo: Karen Yukich

70 species

of butterflies have been found in High Park in recent years, and many of these are known to breed here; a variety of other insects such as dragonflies and bees populates High Park as well

Peck's Skipper. Photo: Bob Yukich

over 900 species

of moths have been found in High Park in recent years, from tiny micros to showy underwings

Epicallima argenticinctella. Photo: David Beadle

Help protect High Park's wildlife

Please stay on the trail and take care not to disturb wildlife or damage their habitat.

When walking with your dog, always keep it on-leash (except in permitted off-leash areas), on-trail and under your control.

What to do if you find a bird or other animal in distress? Check the Toronto Wildlife Centre hotline website or complete their Request for Assistance Form. You can also call TWC at (416) 631-0662 or contact 311.

Articles, Galleries and Guides

Biodiversity Booklet Series

Includes: Birds, Butterflies, Spiders, Fishes, Mammals, Bees, Reptiles and Amphibians, Mushrooms, and Trees, Shrubs and Vines of Toronto. Free copies may be available at your local Toronto Public Library branch. To find out more about these free guidebooks or to download a pdf version, visit the City of Toronto's Biodiversity website.

What's New?

Welcome to Our New Website!

By High Park Nature | September 14, 2020
Since the High Park Nature website was first launched in 2010, it has provided a wealth of information about the natural features of High Park. Now we are pleased to…

New Treatment for Buckthorn

By High Park Nature | July 9, 2020
This summer Urban Forestry is partnering in a demonstration trial with BioForest, a forest pest management company, to manage invasive buckthorn shrubs using the bioherbicide Chontrol Peat Paste. The active…

Toronto Star article, January 13, 2020

By High Park Nature | April 5, 2020
“We love High Park for its natural beauty. Will that love be the death of it?” Read the article or The Star Pressreader version

High Park Christmas Bird Count Results

By High Park Nature | December 27, 2019
The most recent High Park Christmas Bird Count was held on Sunday, Dec. 15, 2019 (a very windy day). The High Park route ended up with 43 species, our lowest since…

High Park Stewards Summary 2019

By High Park Nature | December 1, 2019
There were over 280 participants (between 110 individuals coming at least once) who came out to High Park Stewards field restoration events. The average number of Stewards that attended each…

Ecology

History

Birds

Mammals

Herps

Fish

Insects

Trees + Shrubs

Wildflowers

Grasses

Wetland Plants

Invasive Plants

Research

Restoration

Volunteer

Maps