Mammals, birds, Herps, Fish and INSECTS

Wildlife of Toronto's High Park

Bats in High Park

In the warm summer months just after sunset, thousands of pairs of furry wings take to the skies of Toronto. These are bats, the world’s only flying mammals and they are doing humanity a service by eating more than half…
Learn More

Raccoons in High Park

by Barbi Lazarus The raccoon, Procyon lotor, is a perfect example of an opportunistic species. While originally forest dwellers, raccoons have demonstrated that they can not only survive, but thrive in urban areas. In fact, this species now reaches its…
Learn More

Foxes in High Park in Winter

by Jon, High Park Nature Center Elusive, secretive and shy, Red Foxes, Vulpes vulpes, live in High Park and stay active all winter long. Foxes can wrap their thick tails around their feet and face to keep warm in the…
Learn More

High Park supports a wide variety of wildlife including chipmunks and bats, ducks, hawks and herons, fish and frogs, and numerous insects including butterflies and bees. Although it is situated in the heart of Canada’s largest city, High Park's size, diverse habitats and proximity to Lake Ontario and the Humber Valley make it attractive to both resident breeding species and migrants. A few opportunistic species have taken advantage of habitat changes and disturbances caused by human activities and recreational demands. Other mostly native species are already responding positively to ongoing restoration efforts.

Blue Jay and Grey Squirrel. Photo: JM
Blue Jay and Grey Squirrel. Photo: JM

High Park's Wildlife by Numbers

267 species

of birds known to occur in High Park; well over 150 species are regularly seen and more than 50 species breed in the park

Black-capped Chickadee. Photo: Lu Liu

18 species

of mammals known to occur in High Park

image17-JM

9 species

of herps - amphibians and reptiles; turtles, snakes, frogs and toads, salamanders

Green Frog. Photo: Bob Yukich

12 species

of fish

Pumpkinseed. Photo: Karen Yukich

70 species

of butterflies have been found in High Park in recent years, and many of these are known to breed here; a variety of other insects such as dragonflies and bees populates High Park as well

Peck's Skipper. Photo: Bob Yukich

over 1000 species

of moths have been found in High Park in recent years, from tiny micros to showy underwings

Epicallima argenticinctella. Photo: David Beadle

Help protect High Park's wildlife

Please stay on the trail and take care not to disturb wildlife or damage their habitat.

When walking with your dog, always keep it on-leash (except in permitted off-leash areas), on-trail and under your control.

What to do if you find a bird or other animal in distress? Check the Toronto Wildlife Centre hotline website or complete their Request for Assistance Form. You can also call TWC at (416) 631-0662 or contact 311.

Articles, Galleries and Guides

Biodiversity Booklet Series

Includes: Birds, Butterflies, Spiders, Fishes, Mammals, Bees, Reptiles and Amphibians, Mushrooms, and Trees, Shrubs and Vines of Toronto. Free copies may be available at your local Toronto Public Library branch. To find out more about these free guidebooks or to download a pdf version, visit the City of Toronto's Biodiversity website.

What's New?

TRCA’s 2019 Terrestrial Biological Inventory of High Park

Presentation Link and Follow-Up Q&As now available! Learn about the Toronto & Region Conservation Authority’s methodology, findings and observations as presented in the final High Park Terrestrial Biological Inventory Report, 2019. A question and answer opportunity followed the presentation. Urban…

Ecology

History

Birds

Mammals

Herps

Fish

Insects

Trees + Shrubs

Wildflowers

Grasses

Wetland Plants

Invasive Plants

Research

Restoration

Volunteer

Maps