Mammals, birds, Herps, Fish and INSECTS

Wildlife of Toronto's High Park

Wildlife at Night in High Park

High Park A to Z – N is for Night As the light fades, the familiar daytime creatures of High Park change places with the nightshift. The darkness is inhabited by a new cast of crawlers and creepers, flyers and…
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Bats in High Park

In the warm summer months just after sunset, thousands of pairs of furry wings take to the skies of Toronto. These are bats, the world’s only flying mammals and they are doing humanity a service by eating more than half…
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Butterflies of High Park

by Bob Yukich, updated September 2019 With its varied habitats and and ease of access, High Park is an excellent place to observe butterflies within the heart of the city. To date, 83 species have occurred here – nearly half…
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High Park supports a wide variety of wildlife including chipmunks and bats, ducks, hawks and herons, fish and frogs, and numerous insects including butterflies and bees. Although it is situated in the heart of Canada’s largest city, High Park's size, diverse habitats and proximity to Lake Ontario and the Humber Valley make it attractive to both resident breeding species and migrants. A few opportunistic species have taken advantage of habitat changes and disturbances caused by human activities and recreational demands. Other mostly native species are already responding positively to ongoing restoration efforts.

Blue Jay and Grey Squirrel. Photo: JM
Blue Jay and Grey Squirrel. Photo: JM

High Park's Wildlife by Numbers

267 species

of birds known to occur in High Park; well over 150 species are regularly seen and more than 50 species breed in the park

Black-capped Chickadee. Photo: Lu Liu

18 species

of mammals known to occur in High Park


9 species

of herps - amphibians and reptiles; turtles, snakes, frogs and toads, salamanders

Green Frog. Photo: Bob Yukich

12 species

of fish

Pumpkinseed. Photo: Karen Yukich

70 species

of butterflies have been found in High Park in recent years, and many of these are known to breed here; a variety of other insects such as dragonflies and bees populates High Park as well

Peck's Skipper. Photo: Bob Yukich

over 1000 species

of moths have been found in High Park in recent years, from tiny micros to showy underwings

Epicallima argenticinctella. Photo: David Beadle

Help protect High Park's wildlife

Please stay on the trail and take care not to disturb wildlife or damage their habitat.

When walking with your dog, always keep it on-leash (except in permitted off-leash areas), on-trail and under your control.

What to do if you find a bird or other animal in distress? Check the Toronto Wildlife Centre hotline website or complete their Request for Assistance Form. You can also call TWC at (416) 631-0662 or contact 311.

Articles, Galleries and Guides

Biodiversity Booklet Series

Includes: Birds, Butterflies, Spiders, Fishes, Mammals, Bees, Reptiles and Amphibians, Mushrooms, and Trees, Shrubs and Vines of Toronto. Free copies may be available at your local Toronto Public Library branch. To find out more about these free guidebooks or to download a pdf version, visit the City of Toronto's Biodiversity website.

What's New?

Natural Environment Survey Results

The High Park Natural Environment Committee recently conducted a survey of members and supporters. The results are now available here. It’s heartening to see how much support there is for better protection of High Park’s natural environment, and in particular…

High Park Stewards Newsletters

September 2021 Due to COVID restrictions Urban Forestry is sending out invites to on-site sessions to those who were active in 2019 or have signed up to receive them since them. The general High Park Stewards email list is for…

Hawk Migration is Underway

The High Park Hawk Watch got off to a “flying” start with several bald eagles on September 1st. It continues daily until November 30. Hawks generally fly when the winds are from the northwest. Keen birders monitor the weather report…








Trees + Shrubs



Wetland Plants

Invasive Plants