Nature in the City – Toronto’s High Park

About High Park

High Park is an outstanding natural area in the heart of Canada's largest city. Situated on the post-glacial Iroquois Sand Plain, it supports a rare Black Oak Savannah on its central plateau and upper ravine slopes. Other habitats include moist ravine forests, seepage-fed wetlands and a lakeside marsh at Grenadier Pond.

Visitors to High Park can experience nature in the city year-round with access to various amenities and recreational facilities, as well as nature trails, interpretive walks and volunteer stewardship opportunities.

Goldenrod in savannah. Photo: Karen Yukich
Creator: Galbraith Photo Co.
Lower Duck Pond. Photo: Barbi Lazarus
John Howard at 71, 1874


High Park supports a wide variety of wildlife including chipmunks and bats, ducks, hawks and herons, fish and frogs, and numerous insects including butterflies and bees. Although it is situated in the heart of Canada’s largest city, High Park's size, diverse habitats and proximity to Lake Ontario and the Humber Valley make it attractive to both resident breeding species and migrants. A few opportunistic species have taken advantage of habitat changes and disturbances caused by human activities and recreational demands. Other mostly native species are already responding positively to ongoing restoration efforts.

Red-winged Blackbird female at nest. Photo: Tony Pus
American Toad. Photo: Tony Pus
Eastern Amberwing female. Photo: Bob Yukich
Peck's Skipper. Photo: Bob Yukich
Eastern Grey Squirrel. Photo: Tony Pus


The great diversity of native plants in High Park reflects its varied habitats and environmentally significant status. These species include flowering plants, vines and shrubs, grasses and sedges, deciduous and coniferous trees, as well as aquatic plants. A number of species are provincially, regionally or locally rare.

Black Oak Bark
Baby Oak

What's New?

Welcome to Our New Website!

By High Park Nature | September 14, 2020
Since the High Park Nature website was first launched in 2010, it has provided a wealth of information about the natural features of High Park. Now we are pleased to…

New Treatment for Buckthorn

By High Park Nature | July 9, 2020
This summer Urban Forestry is partnering in a demonstration trial with BioForest, a forest pest management company, to manage invasive buckthorn shrubs using the bioherbicide Chontrol Peat Paste. The active…

Toronto Star article, January 13, 2020

By High Park Nature | April 5, 2020
“We love High Park for its natural beauty. Will that love be the death of it?” Read the article or The Star Pressreader version

High Park Christmas Bird Count Results

By High Park Nature | December 27, 2019
The most recent High Park Christmas Bird Count was held on Sunday, Dec. 15, 2019 (a very windy day). The High Park route ended up with 43 species, our lowest since…

High Park Stewards Summary 2019

By High Park Nature | December 1, 2019
There were over 280 participants (between 110 individuals coming at least once) who came out to High Park Stewards field restoration events. The average number of Stewards that attended each…








Trees + Shrubs



Wetland Plants

Invasive Plants