Shrubs and Vines

New Jersey Tea
Sharon Lovett
Shrubs of the Black Oak Savannah & Woodlands

Shrubs found in this plant community include a variety of species characteristic of tallgrass woodlands such as: Black Huckleberry, Bush Honeysuckle, Common Blackberry, Dryland Blueberry, Low Sweet Blueberry, New Jersey Tea, Upland Willow (see below), Smooth Wild Rose and Poison Ivy.

Shrubs of the Moist Red Oak Forest

Unlike the low shrub and prairie understory found in the dry, tallgrass woodlands in High Park, the understory of moist Red Oak forests are characterized by tall shrubs. Beaked Hazel, Choke Cherry, Maple-leaved Viburnum, Mountain Maple, Nannyberry, Red-osier Dogwood, Round-leaved Dogwood and Witch-hazel form a dense shrub layer.

Upland Willow catkins
Kami Valkova

Upland Willow

One of our favourite signs of spring is the emergence of upland willow catkins (the flowering part of the plant). Upland willow is so named because it grows in dry upland regions. It is the only species of pussy willow that grows in dry areas; most willows prefer to reside near water.

As its flowers develop, upland willow will protect its catkins with a soft and silvery covering. Later in the season, once the leaves have grown, caterpillars of various moths and butterflies (such as the Mourning Cloak) will feed on the foliage. The leaves are long and narrow, typical of all willow species, but distinct in that they have a velvety underside.

Source: The Biology of Pussy Willows: The Biology of Pussy Willows. Contributed by Kami Valkova

See also:

- Shrubs of High Park (pdf)

- Forests

- Savannahs & Woodlands

Karen Yukich
Purple-flowering Raspberry
Mehdi Zarrei
Sweet Fern
Karen Yukich
Poison Ivy
Karen Yukich
Staghorn Sumac
Steven Rose
Black Huckleberry
James Kamstra
Upland Willow
James Kamstra
Low Blueberry
James Kamstra
Bush Honeysuckle
Karen Yukich
Running Serviceberry
James Kamstra
Dryland Blueberry
James Kamstra

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Content last modified on April 17, 2018, at 09:02 PM EST