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HIGH PARK NATURE

 

HIGH PARK STEWARDS

    

 

HIGH PARK NATURE is a joint project of the High Park Natural Environment Committee and High Park Stewards. We welcome your feedback, suggestions, articles and photos. Please contact us at mail@highparknature.org

ABOUT THE PHOTOS: Most of the photos on this site were contributed by local photographers and taken in High Park. Please do not copy or reproduce them without permission. If you would like to contribute photos (low resolution) for this website, please contact us at mail@highparknature.org

  HPNature is a member of Ontario's Nature Network


Custodians:

Habitats 

Ravines

 
Spring Creek Ravine

See also Wendigo Creek & Pond, Eastern Ravine

Chipping Sparrow
Iain Fleming

In contrast with the prairies and dry oak woodlands surrounding it, Spring Creek ravine contains many moist and wet habitats. Wet meadows and marshes flourish at the bottom of the ravine. Deep and narrow, it traps the cooler air. The east-facing slopes are coolest because they are in shade for most of the afternoon.

Just underneath the sandy soil of the park's uplands is a layer of clay that forces water to travel sideways - creating a supply of water where it seeps out along the lower slopes of the ravine. Due to the constant presence of water and the cooler temperatures, the forest and marshes are rich in plant life and alive with creatures.

This ravine is home to six different plant communities. The ravine's dominant plant community, the Red Oak-Red Maple Deciduous Forest, is found nowhere else in the park. Two other plant communities, the Red-osier Dogwood Thicket Swamp and the Bluejoint Meadow Marsh, are found in only one other place in High Park. The coolest areas have more boreal affinities, with Eastern Hemlock and understorey plants associated with more northerly conditions.

Red-backed salamanders breed on the damp forest floor, while birds such as wood thrush and chipping sparrow forage and nest in the trees above.

Witch-hazel
Karen Yukich
False Solomon's Seal
Karen Yukich
 
Mayapple
James Kamstra
Sassafras in fall
Karen Yukich
Japanese Knotweed
Linda Read
 

Trees

Red Oak

Black Cherry

Red Maple

Sassafras

White Ash

White Birch

Shrubs

Choke Cherry

Red-osier Dogwood

Nannyberry

Witch-Hazel

Herbaceous Plants

False Solomon's Seal

Wild Sarasparilla

Mayapple

White Trillium

Wild Geranium

Zig Zag Goldenrod

Invasive Plants

Manitoba Maple

Garlic Mustard

Japanese Knotweed

Lily of the Valley

 

Source: High Park Nature Centre brochure, 2008


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Content last modified on August 24, 2016, at 12:33 AM EST